What are the Different Types of Electric Vehicles?

2022 Chevy Bolt EUV driving down a highway at sunset

Drivers around Lehi are choosing EVs more and more, such as the Bolt EV or Bolt EUV. Fuel-efficient vehicles offer exciting savings opportunities and are better choices for the environment. So, how many types of electric vehicles are there? You can choose between electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid electric vehicles, battery-powered electric vehicles, and fuel cells. Below, you can learn more about the types of electric vehicles on the market. 



How Many Types of Electric Vehicles Are There?

There are four distinct types of electric vehicles. Here’s a rundown of what you can expect from each below:

  • Hybrid Electric Vehicles: These vehicles include self-charging motors with set mileage limits. Once the mileage limit is reached, the gas-powered engine will take over, so you can keep traveling on Lehi roads. 
  • Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles: These types of hybrid models need to be plugged in to charge. If you’re switching to an EV for the first time, a plug-in hybrid might be a good option. You can use a public charging station or at-home station to keep your PHEV’s battery fully charged. 
  • Battery Electric Vehicles: Fully electric cars have a larger battery than hybrids because they’re designed to hold more of a charge. What’s more, EVs require less maintenance than gas-powered cars, because they don’t use a combustion engine. They’re quieter, and can be charged easily at home. 
  • Hydrogen Electric Vehicles (Fuel Cell): These types of EVs are few and far between on the market because they’re more expensive and may not be available in your area.

Electric Vehicles: Common Parts 

Although EVs operate similarly, the different types of electric vehicles require different parts to function. Below, you can take a closer look at the different types of EVs and the components they need: 

Hybrid Electric Vehicles:

  • Fuel tank
  • Control module
  • Engine
  • Electric motor
  • Battery pack with controller & inverter

Plug-In Hybrid Electric Vehicles

  • Fuel tank
  • Control module
  • Battery Charger 
  • Electric motor
  • Engine
  • Inverter
  • Battery

Battery Electric Vehicles

  • Control Module
  • Drive train
  • ​​Electric motor
  • Inverter
  • Battery

Hydrogen Electric Vehicles (Fuel Cell)

  • Hydrogen storage tank
  • Battery with converter and controller
  • Electric motor
  • Fuel-cell stack

Explore Electric Vehicles for Sale at Ken Garff Chevrolet

Now that you know more about the types of electric vehicles, it’s time to explore some in person! You can get acquainted with models like the Chevy Bolt EV and Bolt EUV at Ken Garff Chevrolet. Contact us online or call us at (801) 980-2102 to schedule a test drive in American Fork. If you’re ready to move forward with your new EV purchase, get pre-approved online for a Chevy lease or loan. 


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